COPD patients often lose weight due to reduced food intake owing to diminished appetite and labored breathing. The weight loss can also be the result of increased energy consumption at rest and during activity due to heavier breathing. It may also be associated with systemic inflammation and increased protein metabolism, which are collectively referred to as pulmonary cachexia syndrome. A consequence of this is reduced muscle strength. 25–40% of patients with advanced COPD are malnourished. Low weight and low fat-free mass are associated with a poor prognosis of COPD.
Nutritional treatment for COPD
It is recommended that malnourished patients with COPD follow an energy-dense diet rich in protein and take high doses of the marine fatty acids EPA and DHA, as well as other necessary nutritional supplements. Nutritional treatment should be initiated in underweight patients or those with a BMI of 21–25 and those who experience sudden weight loss.
Nutrifriend 1100 is suitable for COPD patients:
- Easy to drink and juice-based (and preferably chilled) for reduced mucus formation.
- A high content of omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA helps improve the relationship between pro-inflammatory omega-6 and inflammation-regulating omega-3 in the cellular membrane. This may help to reduce/relieve the inflammation process in the mucous membranes
- Whey proteins and omega-3 work together to increase muscle and lung strength
- Omega-3 and vitamin D3 strengthen the immune system